IVF process is one of the most important achievements of medical progress at the end of the twentieth century, many cases of infertility, which is said to have a nearly non-existent chance of having children, we find that they have succeeded, and their heroes have become parents of one or two children.


What is IVF?

The process of IVF is collecting eggs from the wife and sperm from the husband and inoculating them in the embryo lab. To increase the success rate, one sperm is injected into each egg using a thin needle then the fertilized eggs are implanted to the uterus of woman.


IVF benefits

IVF process has several benefits regardless of the technique that helps in the reproduction of children, where it helps to choose sperm and a healthy egg 100% and thus avoids the couple having children with problems, and the children of IVF are healthier and smarter than others.


IVF process step by step

Steps of the IVF process in detail

IVF process step by step

Step 1: Stimulating the ovaries

In the stimulation phase of IVF, injectable drugs will be used for about 8 to 14 days, in order to stimulate the ovaries to produce the egg.


Step 2: Egg Extraction

In such cases the doctor must perform the medical protocol, and make sure that the patient is ready for the operation, after which the doctor can perform an egg extraction operation. It is also necessary to see your anesthesiologist, to review your medical history, and to administer intravenous fluids before starting the operation to stimulate sleep.


Step 3: Fertilization

After the egg is extracted, the embryo specialist makes the third step, which depends on in-vitro insemination by Petri dish and with a small number of sperm can be diagnosed genetically.


Step 4: Fetal Development

Fetal development begins after fertilization. Embryos will be placed in special embryo endoscopes after initial fertilization, which will enable the embryos to continue to develop and grow without disturbance at all. The doctor will examine each embryo over the next five to six days. The goal is to see progressive development, and to move the embryo to a stage that gives you the greatest chance of success.


Step 5: Embryo transfer

Embryo transfer is a simple procedure that takes only about five minutes and does not need anesthesia and takes a long time to recover, so the nurse does all the things related to the arrangement of transportation and instructions for the operation and preparation for it.


Step 6: Pregnancy Test

This test is usually called "beta" because it measures the beta-chain part of a hormone directed at human choroid gonads (HCG) emitted from the developing fetus. Pregnancy testing takes place two weeks after embryo transfer, can be performed at home, using a urinary pregnancy test, and then you can tell us the result, so that we can provide appropriate advice.


-From the above steps, IVF procedure is not painful in itself, and if pain or discomfort is likely to occur during egg withdrawal, your doctor uses a mild anesthetic to overcome this feeling. What some women may feel tired after the draw is a relative feeling that varies from woman to lady. Otherwise, IVF tests may cause some fatigue and stress, which is recommended to try to overcome it.


Symptoms after IVF

Waiting for two weeks after an IVF, after which you can take a pregnancy test, may seem like too long. Some symptoms appear in this period, as follows:


Light bleeding or blood stains

Bleeding is the first sign of pregnancy.



Contractions or contractions are one of the first signs that the menstrual cycle is on its way, and may also be a sign of successful embryo transfer and the improvement of steps of IVF.


Breast inflammation

An early sign of pregnancy, for some women, breast inflammation may be a sign of the success of IVF steps especially if the breasts are swollen.



Nausea or (fatigue) seem to be a normal part of pregnancy, from the first day to birth, but woman feel s more sleep when her progesterone levels rise.


Advices for woman before IVF

  • Stay active, try a light jogging or stroll.
  • Check out your entire list of medications with your doctor, and tell him all medications, even those that look familiar, and don't worry like aspirin or painkillers.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Get enough sleep and rest.
  • Eat your favorite snacks.
  • Help your family and friends.
  • Read a book.
  • Maintaining a healthy diet.


Best food to eat during IVF treatment

  • Rely on fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Choose low-fat proteins, such as fish and poultry.
  • Go to low-fat dairy products.
  • Add legumes to food such as whole grains and beans.
  • Eat healthy fats, such as avocados, olive oil, nuts and seeds.
  • Avoid red meat, sugar and processed foods.
  • Refrain from salt and replace with herbs.


Success factors of IVF

To ensure the success of the steps of IVF, must follow these points before starting the process:

  • The endoscope identifies problems in the uterus and hinders fetal adhesion, such as uterine septum, birth defects, and fibroids.
  • Its procedure helps to wash the lining of the uterus from antibodies that attack the fetus.
  • According to the recommendations of the Royal College of England, the endoscope helps scratch the lining of the uterus inflammation, which increases the adhesion rate of the fetus.


Causes of IVF failure

The IVF steps can fail for these reasons:


Poor ovulation

This means that the ovaries do not respond to activation drugs, and there are several reasons for poor response, such as a lack of egg stock in the ovaries.


Lack of quality of eggs or sperm

One of the main causes of failure is the lack of quality of eggs or sperm, which account for more than 75% of the causes of IVF failure.


Non-sticking to the uterus

There are many reasons why embryos do not stick to the uterine wall:

  • Twice the amount of blood nourishing the uterus.
  • Antibodies and anti-cells and their various effects.


The fallopian tube is completely clogged

If fallopian tube is completely clogged with a serological or transparent fluid, the blocked tube may become noticeably swollen.

The situation is often on both sides, and the affected pipes can reach several centimeters in diameter. Clogged tubes cause infertility and fail the IVF steps.


Weakness of endometrial membrane thickness

Defects that can occur, for example, include a uterine barrier or attachment to the uterine cavity, as well as the presence of flesh growths and the weakness of the thickness of the membrane.


-Bedaya Hospital takes the steps of the IVF with full care and using all the methods to help the success of these steps in addition to the presence of a selection of specialized doctors and modern techniques used in the process.