The possibility of choosing the sex and gender of your baby is has made a change in genetic diseases. The methods used for sex selection are multiple and each one of them has its effectiveness. Do you wonder why anyone could go for sex selection? Some couples want to balance out their families by having both boys and girls, and the most important reasons are that the process has proven its ability to prevent some genetic disorders.
What do you know about gender selection?
Many of you probably don’t know that they can choose the sex of their babies, and it is not related to infertility problems. Anyone can have gender selection even If you and your partner are completely sexually healthy. It is also known as sex selection, and it is a medical technique used by those who wish to choose a specific gender for their baby. This technique has two methods: sperm separation or genetic testing.
Preimplantation genetic screening (PGS)
New techniques enable us to examine all the chromosomes of an embryo from a few cell samples. The cells are removed (biopsied) from each embryo at the blastocyst stage. Blastocysts are embryos which have reached day 5 or 6 and are at a very immature, early developmental stage of the developmental process after fertilization of the eggs. A blastocyst is formed by 100 cells which are arranged in two layers, one layer in the inside and one layer on the outside. The inner cell mass will eventually form the baby and the outer cell layer (called the trophectoderm) develops into the placenta. In PGS 5 to 10.
This is the first method used to select the baby gender in which the embryo is being tested. We examine all of the embryo’s chromosomes if it is having a Y chromosome and X chromosome (male), or X chromosome, and the X chromosome (female). This test is 100% accurate and analyzed correctly.
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)
PGD is an advanced technique used for checking some of genetic disorders as well as knowing the gender of the baby by taking out a sample pf the embryo cells to see it is XY or XX. The process is always done with IVF and ICSI to check if any genetic any of the genetic diseases existed.
Why couples use gender selection?
Gender selection gives the family the flexibility to expand their members with comfort and ease. They are motivated to be more loving and caring about each other by allowing them to plan their future family members and balance out their lifestyles. Some families keep having children until they have the desired sex, and this a huge mistake. They should consider about providing appropriate education, a high level of care, and emotional support. We highly recommend families to have sex selection to organize their life and determine their future baby.
- Family planning: Some perspective parents have personal plans and they use sex selection to complete or balance out their families. Some parents psychologically need to raise a specific gender baby, or they had more than 2 kinds from the same sex and want to experience raising different gender baby.
- Preventing genetic disorders: The most important reason of why couples use gender selection is for preventing gender-specific genetic disorders. For example, hemophilia and muscular dystrophy inherited by the mother are affecting and passing only to male babies. In this case, couples use the technique of sex selection to have a baby girl clear from these sex-linked diseases.
- The emotional needs of the parents: some families may have lost one of their children and not being able to get over it. Choosing the gender of their next baby may help them to move on and overcome the loss as they are preparing for the newborn.
Some of the emotional needs that will lead parents to choose their next baby gender is continuing the family line and having an heir to the big success of the family. This is very common in Arab culture.
Gender selection and IVF procedure
The gender of an embryo is determined by the sperm which maintains two chromosomes of X and Y. a sperm can carry either the X or the Y chromosome, by the egg carries an only X chromosome. PGD is used to determine the sex of your baby and within the procedure of IVF and ICSI to make sure that the embryo is genetic diseases free.
During the IVF procedure, the fertilized egg is left in a laboratory dish for 5 days to grow to a full embryo. After several days of fertilization, and during the blastocyst stage, 4-6 cells (samples) are taken by laser and microscopic needle to be examined. The cells sample is analyzed by advanced technology and the desired sex embryos are transferred back to the woman’s uterus for implantation.
Good quality excess embryos could be frozen for later use.
Gender selection at Bedaya hospital
Bedaya Hospital was the first to spread the concept of determining the gender of the embryos in many Arab cultures
The percentage of those who tend to have a sex selection process has reached 40% of the total cases attending the hospital.
Bedaya Hospital is characterized by high success rates of microscopic injections that include gender selection of the Embryo. Besides the reasons mentioned above, microscopic injection services and IVF, but in particular, what contributed to raising the success rates for gender selection is the following:
- Using appropriate treatment protocols for these cases so that we can extract as many good eggs as possible so that doctors can search and choose and even increase the chances of getting the desired sex.
- Cooperating with the most important genetic center in the Middle East to keep updated to anything new in the world of fertility and pass by knowledge.
- Educating the patient, reassuring and sharing all the procedures through many departments based on that to facilitate the procedures for the hospital and the patient