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The possibility of choosing the sex or in other words the gender of your future baby has been a breakthrough in the field of medical genetics. Why would couples want to do sex selection?
Many of you probably don’t know that you can choose the sex of your future baby! This procedure is now available for everyone not just families with infertility problems. The common misconception about this procedure has been that it requires undergoing an ICSI or IVF trial, so it is only for people having problems conceiving.
The procedure relies on examining the sex chromosomes of the embryos obtained by IVF or ICSI and only transferring the desired gender.
New techniques enable us to examine all the chromosomes of an embryo from a single cell sample. A couple of cell are removed (biopsied) from each embryo at the blastocyst stage. Blastocysts are embryos which have reached day 5 or 6 and are at an early developmental stage just a couple of cell divisions after fertilization of the egg. A blastocyst is formed by 100 cells which are arranged in an inner and outer layer. The inner cell mass will eventually form the baby and the outer cell layer (called the trophectoderm) contributes into forming the placenta.
In PGT- A. We examine all the embryo’s chromosomes for potential genetic abnormalities. The last chromosome no 23 is the sex chromosome which consists of either XX Female or XY Male. PGT- A allows us to identify this and thus only transfer the embryos with the desired gender. This test is 100% accurate for choosing the desired gender.
PGD is an advanced technique used for checking the number of chromosome copies and major translocations. The last chromosome numbered 23 is the sex chromosome. PGD can tell us the gender of the baby. This is done by taking a number of cells from each embryo obtained through IVF or ICSI. We then only transfer the embryos with the desired sex and healthy chromosome pattern.
The gender of an embryo is determined by the sperm which maintains two chromosomes X and Y. A sperm can carry either the X or the Y chromosome, female eggs carry only an X chromosome. PGD is used to determine the sex of your baby through an IVF or ICSI procedure. PGD apart from letting us choose embryos of the desired gender give us an opportunity to choose embryos that are genetically healthy.
During the ICSI procedure, the fertilized egg is left in a laboratory dish for 5 days to grow to a full embryo. After several days of divisions when the embryo reaches the blastocyst stage, 4-6 cells (samples) are taken by laser and microscopic needle to be examined. The cells sample is analyzed by advanced technology and the desired sex embryos are transferred back to the woman’s uterus for implantation.
Good quality excess embryos could be frozen for later use.
Bedaya Hospital was the first to spread the concept of determining the gender of the embryos in Egypt and the Middle East.
Couples seeking to do IVF or ICSI for gender “sex” selection have reached 40% of our total IVF/ICSI cases attending the hospital.
Bedaya Hospital’s high gender selection success rates;
This story tells how distinguished we are from others and testifies that our expertise exceeds all in the field of ICSI specifically. Let's listen to one of our patients, Dr. Atef, and his journey with ICSI procedures.