Laparoscopy procedure is a simple operation that has begun to be used as an alternative to open surgery in certain cases, the patient is get out of surgery with less pain and very small scars and the patient doesn't need to stay in hospital after operation for long time.
The term laparoscopy comes from Greek which is the term of a combination of the two words (Lapara) and (Skopein), which refers to the pelvis and wider abdominal area, skopein refers to the examination. So it is a medical technique through which the surgeon performs small cuts in the skin in the abdominal area, and then inserts a special thin tube through these wounds (holes).
What is laparoscopy used for?
The most important conditions for using laparoscopic surgery:
• Removal of tumors or cysts.
• Diagnosis or removal of ovarian cysts.
• We use laparoscopy in endometriosis, the surgeon can remove endometriosis in a simple intervention, while preserving the tissue in a low-risk manner.
laparoscopy is not only a diagnostic tool, but also a potential treatment option. A number of studies show good results such as reducing pain and improving fertility after tissue removal. In fact, it is the preferred treatment for most infertile women. The main downside of this technique is that over time endometriosis often accumulates and pain and infertility may return, requiring further treatment.
If endometriosis is detected during laparoscopy, surgeons will usually try to remove it immediately by removing or cutting. This may be the only treatment required in mild cases of endometriosis, thus avoiding the need for further surgical procedures such as Diagnosis or treatment of endometriosis.
• Diagnosis the causes of infertility in ladies.
Biopsy and evaluation of certain types of cancers, especially cancer of the reproductive system and uterine cancer.
• Diagnosis of the cause of pelvic pain.
• When removing the ovaries, fallopian tubes or uterus.
Understand the causes of abnormally menstruation.
benefits of laparoscopy surgery
• Not as painful as open surgery.
• The recovery period is short.
• The incision is small.
• It's not easy to become infected after surgery.
Preparations of laparoscopy surgery
- Take laxative medications for the intestines, so that the abdominal cavity is free of waste.
- Do all the comprehensive tests.
- The patient should fast before the surgery at night, for a minimum of eight hours.
- Aspirin must be stopped five days before operation.
Laparoscopy surgery steps
- A thin tube containing a light source and a camera (laparoscopic) is inserted through the abdominal navel and the abdomen is filled with carbon dioxide to separate the stomach from the intestines and enable the surgeon to see the surrounding organs more clearly.
- Small incisions (about 1 cm long) are made in the area of the abdominal navel and the upper thigh.
- After the operation, the surgeon removes the stomach from the gas that is pumped into the abdomen or pelvis, removes all the tools, through these cracks (holes).
- There are lights, cameras and sometimes other tools depending on the situation.
- This procedure is usually performed after the patient is completely numbed.
- After the operation, the surgeon discharges the abdomen from the gas pumped into the abdomen or pelvis, removes all the tools, and then the small wounds from which the tools are inserted are removed.
After this surgery the patient feels less pain and less bleeding so he can do all routine and exercises through 3 weeks but it depends on the type of treatment, age and general health of the patient.
The safety of laparoscopy surgery
- The type of this surgery is safer than the surgical methods used in the past.
- The proportion of people with laparoscopic complications is only about 3 women out of 100 cases.
- The most common general complications of the surgery are the result of anesthesia or incision.
The important of Laparoscopy for infertility
There are some diseases causing delayed pregnancy can only be diagnosed by laparoscopic and taking a sample to prove the diagnosis through tissue analysis and the most famous of these diseases are called endometriosis and can also be treated by endoscopy whether by removing some blood bags in the ovary caused by the disease or ironing some areas of the disease behind the uterus and the peritone membrane lining the pelvis.
Period after laparoscopy procedure
It is normal for blood flow or vaginal bleeding to continue for a while after laparoscopic endoscopy. Most of the time it is for a few days, but the blood flow can last for two weeks. Some women may delay menstruation for 4 to 6 weeks after laparoscopic endoscopy.
Despite its many advantages for Laparoscopy the process may also have few drawbacks such as:
• Bleeding from the wound area of the operation.
• They're blood clots.
• Damage to an organ or blood vessels.
There are some cases for which the laparoscopic surgery is removed namely:
- The presence of type of cancerous tumor in the body, especially inside the abdominal cavity.
- Patients with tuberculosis, diabetes.
- People who had blood clots before taking blood thinners.
Many of people scare about this procedure, but in Bedaya Hospital you will pass this experience without any risks.