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Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows the treating doctor to look directly into the uterus through the cervix with a tool called a hysteroscope. This is a thin, lighted tube that is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and inside of the uterus, this procedure can be used to both diagnose and treat causes of abnormal bleeding.


Hysteroscopy surgery

The doctor inserts the tube through the vagina and cervix all the way to the uterus After that, the doctor pumps carbon dioxide or lotion to expand the uterus and get rid of any adhesions.

The duration of this surgery generally ranges from five minutes to about an hour, depending on the diagnostic endoscope and the need for another treatment.

description of hysteroscopy surgery


Uses of hysteroscopy

The doctor uses hysteroscopy procedure to correct the following uterine conditions:


1 - Abnormal loss of blood

The uses of hysteroscopy, the doctor can find out the cause of the bleeding and treat it. Bleeding can occur in cases of benign or malignant tumors, and large-scale tumors lead to miscarriage in the event of pregnancy because of the inequality of the uterus and the fetus together.


2- The presence of Polyps and fibroids

Hysteroscopy surgery remove these non-cancerous growths found in the uterus.


3- Congenital malformations in the uterus

Congenital malformations are different, most of which cause abortion and affect the ability to reproduce, some of which can be surgically repaired by recreation (comfort), such as the presence of a barrier in the uterine cavity, whose presence causes incomplete pregnancy and abortion.


4- Adhesions

 It is the attachment of the walls of the uterus to each other and accompanied by irregular menstrual cycle or that the cycle becomes very low or non-existent besides infertility or abortion in the event of pregnancy. Hysteroscopy procedure help your doctor locate and remove the adhesions.


5- uterine septum

Hysteroscopy can help determine if woman has a uterine septum, it is a defect in the uterus that is present from birth.


Types of hysteroscopy


1- Diagnostic hysteroscopy

The intention is to use a hysteroscopy to diagnose any problem the uterus may have.

The doctor inserts a tube with a camera so he can see the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes from the inside.

This tube is inserted by creating an opening below the navel area.


2- Therapeutic hysteroscopy

This type aims to treat a problem that has been diagnosed during the diagnostic endoscopy of the uterus.

In general, the doctor performs a therapeutic endoscopy after detecting a diagnostic problem immediately at the same time, so the patient does not make two similar operations.


Hysteroscopy and IVF

Hysteroscopy  is a technique that helps the doctor before an icing for various medical reasons, but this should be in a suitable time determined by the doctor, and usually most women are afraid before the procedure of the hysteroscopy and wonder about the extent of his pain and whether it has serious complications or not, and what side effects should be visited by the doctor, so it’s important for IVF surgery.


Successful pregnancy after hysteroscopy

Many benefits located in hysteroscopy surgery, it is more invasive procedures, hysteroscopy may provide women the chance to be pregnant, in general the incidence of pregnancy increase by removing the cause of contraception and this by hysteroscopy.


Period after hysteroscopy procedure

Usually woman can find the period come within 4-5 weeks about the procedure.

It’s normal to have vaginal bleeding for little days after hysteroscopy.

The doctor recommends a hysteroscopy procedure in the first week after the period


Hysteroscopy recovery time

You will be placed under observation for several hours until the anesthesia is removed, so you can leave the hospital and return home.


Symptoms after the hysteroscopy surgery

After surgery, you may notice some disturbing symptoms such as:

  • Abdominal cramps.
  • Minor vaginal bleeding lasting a day or two.
  • Pain in the shoulder area due to gas retention that has been used in surgery inside your body.
  • You will have to avoid sexual intercourse for at least two weeks after hysteroscopy and before you go home your doctor tell you how to care for yourself after surgery.


When should hysteroscopy be performed?

Your doctor schedules a hysteroscopy procedure in the first week after your menstrual period.

This time will ensure the doctor the best view inside uterus.


What precautions should be taken before the operation?

  • Fasting for eating and drinking for 6 hours before hysteroscopy
  • You should tell your doctor if you are allergic to any medications or any problems you experienced in a previous operation (if any).


If the following symptoms are observed, it is important to consult your doctor

  • Overheating.
  • Severe abdominal pain.
  • Severe bleeding and abnormal vaginal.